LEGENDS OF CANADIAN FISHERIES SCIENCE AND MANAGEMENT
Canada has a long and illustrious history in fisheries science and management. Indeed, many scientific discoveries, assessment tools, and even contemporary management strategies can be attributed to Canadian fisheries professionals. The Canadian Aquatic Resources Section of the American Fisheries Society has launched a new recognition program called “Legends of Canadian Fisheries Science and Management”. The goal of the program is to recognize the accomplishments of fisheries professionals in Canada. Beyond the recognition to the individual, highlighting their accomplishments will ensure that the next generation of fisheries professionals remain connected to the past. The foundational work, much of it conducted decades ago, still underpins our thinking of ecological processes and is the basis for today’s conservation and management. “Legends” will typically have completed (i.e., be retired) or be near the end of their professional career. “Legends” can also be recognized posthumously. Our purpose is not to recognize achievements of early career scientists or singular accomplishments – it is truly to recognize legendary figures in Canadian fisheries science and management. There is no financial compensation associated with the recognition, however, those recognized will have their profiles added this website. In addition, the CARS communication team will share profiles via social media, AFS newsletters, and Fisheries magazine where appropriate. “Legends” will be formally announced at the CARS annual meeting. Unsuccessful nominations will be carried forward for consideration in future years along with new nominations received. After the inaugural competition we will induct up to 5 legends on an annual basis.
Biographies have been prepared by colleagues, family members, friends, collaborators, students, CARS members, and admirers. Special thanks to Emmanuelle Chrétien who went above an beyond in her research of several CARS legends.
Biographies for 2014 inductees:
Carl Walters may be the scientist who has had the greatest impact on the development of fisheries science in the last 50 years. His career has been centered at the University of British Columbia where he has served on faculty since 1969. At UBC, he was recruited and worked with the eminent ecologist C.S. (Buzz) Holling with whom he developed the concept of adaptive management. With an understanding of how computers were opening a new era of quantitative ecology, they organized dozens of workshops where practitioners and modelers jointly asked management questions and evaluated how implementation was best done. Since then, adaptive management has become widespread and a byproduct originally described in his 1986 book, Adaptive Management, and now known as Management Strategy Evaluation is currently the hottest topic in fisheries management.
Walters continued from applied ecology to developing methods for fisheries assessment, and notably his career-long work with Ray Hilborn, which resulted in the trend setting “Quantitative Fisheries Stock Assessment” in 1992, has added to Walters’ recognition internationally. As an offspring of his background in ecology and fisheries, he also successfully merged the two fields through his contribution to the Ecopath with Ecosim approach and software. This is the world’s most widely used ecosystem modeling approach, and it is increasingly being used for ecosystem-based management of aquatic resources.
While Walters’ contributions to methodology development in fisheries include key developments in at least three fields, management methodology, fisheries assessment, and ecosystem modeling and management, he is also recognized for his strong contribution to education. He has educated a generation of fisheries scientists that now influence how fisheries management is conducted in British Columbia, Canada, and indeed throughout North America. This legacy will live on for generations to come.
Dr. Regier joined the University of Toronto in 1966 as an Assistant Professor in the former Department of Zoology. He completed graduate and post-doctoral work at Cornell University, which focused on fish and fisheries in upstate New York. His career was dedicated to education and advocacy around the human use of aquatic systems. Dr. Regier’s research has aimed to balance both conceptual and practical concerns, incorporating the work of scientists, philosophers, policy-makers and others into an interdisciplinary perspectives on emerging environmental issues. Throughout his career, he maintained an expert role in policy discussions for international organizations such as the United Nations Environmental Program and the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change and was a Canadian delegation member at various international conferences such as two United Nations conferences on human population. He has also served as an advisor on environmental issues to senior politicians, including former Liberal MP Charles Caccia, former Mayor of Toronto and Conservative MP David Crombie, and the late NDP leader Jack Layton. He sat on the Great Lakes Science Advisory Board of the International Joint Commission of Canada and the U.S. (1987-90) and was the Canadian Commissioner of the Great Lakes Science Advisory Board (1980-89).
Henry was a Director of the former Institute for Environmental Studies (1989-94) and Professor in the former Department of Zoology (1966-1995) at the University of Toronto. In 2008, Professor Emeritus Henry Regier was appointed to the Order of Canada (Membership), Canada’s highest civilian honour. His appointment commemorates his “leadership in national and international organizations concerned with environmental conservation,” and marks over 40 years of academic and community leadership in environmental issues, particularly those affecting the Great Lakes. His previous commendations include the Centenary Medal of the Royal Society of Canada, the Conservation Award of the Federation of Ontario Naturalists, the American Fisheries Society Award of Excellence, and the Lifetime Achievement Award from the International Association of Great Lakes Research.
Since his retirement in 1995, he has continued to mentor students and faculty in an Emeritus role, and as an Adjunct Professor at the University of Waterloo and Michigan State University.
Casimir Lindsey earned his PhD from Cambridge University in 1952 where he studied the influence of temperature on the meristics of juvenile paradise fish (Macropodus opercularis). He joined the University of British Columbia in 1953 before moving to Winnipeg to … in 1956. While in Winnipeg he was a faculty member at the University of Manitoba for 13 years. He then moved back to the University of British Columbia (1979–1989). Dr. Lindsey’s specialization was biogeography, and ecology and taxonomy of western and northern freshwater fishes. He wrote several books including Biology of Coregonid Fishes. He was a founding member of the Canadian Society of Zoologists and served as both a Council member and President before becoming an Honorary Member in 1992. The C.C. Lindsey Prize is given by the Ecology, Ethology and Evolution Section each year for the best student presentation (oral or poster) within the fields of behaviour, ecology or evolution. Dr. Lindsey has also been honoured by the Wildlife Society and was named a Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada in 1974.
Dr Bev Scott, B.Sc., Ph.D., Fellow of the Royal Society of Canada, passed away peacefully in hospital on the day that he was elected to the “Legends of Canadian Fisheries Science and Management”, after a very short illness. He would have been touched by the honour and no doubt would have accepted it with both a smile and a slightly self-deprecating comment about how it really should have been awarded to someone else! Bev’s award is but the last in a long list of awards reflecting in equal measure his capacity for work, scientific intellect, and fundamental human kindness and decency.
Bev completed both his B.Sc. (1941) and, following his discharge from the Canadian Army at the end of the Second World War, his Ph.D. (1950) at the University of Toronto. Immediately after graduating he assumed the role as first curator of Ichthyology at the Royal Ontario Museum (ROM), a position he held until his retirement in 1976.
Without any doubt the most important of Bev’s manifold contributions to Canadian Fisheries were made during his long tenure at the ROM, where over the years he personally dealt with the Atlantic and Central Canadian fishes and arranged for his eventual colleague at the ROM, E.J. Crossman, to deal with the Pacific fishes. This phase of his work is best exemplified by the massive book “Freshwater Fishes of Canada”, which was co-authored with E.J. Crossman, and is often simply referred to as “Scott & Crossman” rather than by the actual book title. Typical of his cheerful enthusiasm, at retirement from the ROM he moved east from Toronto to St Andrews, New Brunswick, with his wife Milly, and started his second career as the Director of the Huntsman Marine Lab. During Bev’s “retirement” he completed a major revision to his earlier book Fishes of the Atlantic Coast of Canada, (Leim & Scott, 1966) producing the completely reworked book “Atlantic Fishes of Canada” (Scott & Scott, 1988), which was co-authored with Milly.
Bev lived life to the end in a full and graceful way, characteristic of his whole life. Not many fisheries scientists can say that they have had an extensive, nearly exhaustive summary of their life published before they pass away, but Bev was in that select category, with an excellent summary of many of his accomplishments documented in Smith (2006). It is unnecessary to repeat here what is already available in the Copeia article, but interested readers should certainly follow up with this detailed and highly laudatory summary of Bev’s career.
Dr Kabata is recognized as the foremost world expert on parasitic copepods, having named over 100 new species of parasitic copepods. A major achievement is the book on the Parasitic Copepoda of British Fishes with over 2000 illustrations which he meticulously drew. He joined the staff of the Pacific Biological Station in 1966 where he was among the first to demonstrate that parasites provided important stock information. He also headed up the Section on Groundfish, chaired the committee that reviewed all science programs and recommended areas of funding for the upcoming year. Bob never turned down a request for scientific or administrative help. Bob Kabata is fluent in a number of languages and always found time to translate a paper into English or even help a colleague with some English grammar. Bob has a long list of awards and several honorary degrees. In 1996, he received Poland’s highest decoration, the Grand Commander Cross of Polonia Restituta for his bravery as a young leader of a group of partisan soldiers in the Second World War and his science. He received the Order of Canada in 2006 for his internationally recognized research on the biology and systematics of marine parasites. In addition to his scientific accomplishments, Bob writes short stories and poetry. His poems are well known in Poland and displayed on monuments. Recently, a thick book of his collected poems was published in Polish. Zbigniew Kabata retired in 1989 and continued to come to his office until some health issues slowed him down around Christmas 2013. Dr Kabata is a humble and deeply religious man who is truly one of Canada’s most renowned scientists.
Fred Fry’s stellar achievements were widely recognized by his peers, who, with his encouragement, developed them further. His work was remarkably diverse, ranging from seminal contributions in ecological physiology and environmental factors through practical methods in quantitative population biology to pioneering stakeholder collaboration in field projects. He won numerous awards but was characteristically uninterested in self-promotion.
Fred’s perceptiveness and integrity were exceptional, as were his clear ethics, willingness to share, and unobtrusive acts of kindness. Fred’s friendly collegiality and insights encouraged colleagues and students to contribute to traditions that continue today.
As a young man, Fred worked in his family’s wholesale fish business, where he met Prof. A. G. Huntsman. Fred thrived as a student at the University of Toronto in the 1930s, joining a multidisciplinary, intergenerational and inter-university research network that shaped present-day fisheries science and practice in Canada.
In 1936, Fry and colleagues frequently motored the 300 kilometres to Algonquin Park to establish a field laboratory, which became the present-day Harkness Laboratory of Fisheries Research. After one very difficult day, when everyone was exhausted, Fred insisted on reading aloud a chapter from On the Origin of Species.
Fred helped initiate open-ended research programs at several locations across Ontario (e.g., South Baymouth, Algonquin Park, Baie du Doré, Nogies Creek). The openness and relevance of these labours made Fred trusted by the public clientele that each project served and greatly respected by commercial fishers. This respect helped in the development of a harvest quota system for Ontario’s Great Lakes commercial fisheries in the late 1980s.
Late in life, Fred was awarded an honorary doctorate by the University of Toronto in recognition of his excellence. Sadly, he passed away just before the award ceremony and it was left to his family and colleagues to accept this formal recognition for his lifetime of scientific and educational contributions.
Ed, or E.J. as he was fondly known to his many friends and colleagues, was a dominant figure in Canadian and international ichthyology, fisheries research, and conservation biology, particularly involving introduced and endangered species; an authority on fishes, their ecology, distribution, evolution, and systematics; and, a world authority on esocid fishes, his special passion. He was particularly interested in zoogeography and the postglacial distribution of freshwater fishes in Canada.
He was engrossed in fish and fisheries for half a century, starting with his academic training at Queen’s University, University of Toronto, and University of British Columbia, then through his long association with the Royal Ontario Museum, commencing in 1957, and into his retirement in 1995 as Curator Emeritus of Ichthyology at the ROM and Professor Emeritus, Department of Zoology, U of T. His in-depth personal knowledge of fishes and fisheries, his long list of scientific publications (more than 200), authored and co-authored books, book chapters, and articles both scientific and popular, as well as his practical field experience and numerous collecting excursions throughout Canada and the world, earned him a well-deserved national and international reputation, numerous awards, and inductions into halls of fame.
Ed’s generous and enthusiastic spirit, his knowledge and insights, and his keen pursuit of the facts made his advice highly and frequently sought, a careful listener and helpful advisor to the many ichthyologists, fisheries biologists, and anglers who approached him. He gave kindly, yet straightforwardly and thoughtfully, a decisive individual with a strong formative presence that matched his stature. He pursued knowledge with enthusiasm, indeed passion.
A primary labour of love was Freshwater Fishes of Canada, co-authored with his colleague and long-time friend, W.B. (Bev) Scott. Dr. Scott reminisced that FFC was hatched during the 30 nights they were field sampling in Newfoundland in 1960 when they made the first formal collection of freshwater fishes of the island. Bev emphasized that it gave them a long time to discuss the concept and that a synergism had developed between them. Ed’s knowledge of the west, Bev’s knowledge of the east, their new knowledge of Newfoundland, their recent trip to the north on the Barren Grounds survey, and their mutual desire to learn about fishes of the intervening parts of this vast land led to the publication of one of the most important and informative works on freshwater fishes in Canada.
Bill Ricker was a preeminent ecologist, entomologist, fisheries scientist and theoretical biologist. A search online produces more than 100,000 hits for the “Ricker Curve”, 60 years after he first published that landmark paper. Of course the impact of Bill’s work goes far beyond that simple number. His research papers and books are still used internationally as textbooks in graduate courses in ecology, fisheries science and wildlife biology. Bill’s work is widely recognized as one of the foundations of fisheries science, but his influence extends far beyond that field. For example, Bill was the recipient of the Eminent Ecologist Award by the Ecological Society of America (1990). He also received a host of other academic and scientific awards and recognition for his achievements in areas as diverse as entomology, Sherlock Holmes, limnology, wildlife biology and the fishing hall of fame. He was even featured in an article in Sports Illustrated!
Consider the journal where his 1954 paper was published. As Editor from 1950 to 1962, Bill took the Journal of the Fisheries Research Board of Canada from what was essentially an in-house government publication to a world-class international journal. The subsequent name change to the Canadian Journal of Fisheries and Aquatic Science only served to continue that reputation.
Many people were mistaken about Bill Ricker. It was widely assumed that there were two such individuals who shared that name – one who was a world authority on stoneflies – while the other was the international authority on population dynamics and fisheries science – and possibly there was a third one who translated Russian fisheries literature and produced a Russian – English dictionary that is still in use – and maybe there was even a fourth one who did all that scientific editing. We can resolve that confusion – Bill was a singular, remarkable, unique individual.
We remember him as a personal friend and colleague. A remarkably kind, gentle, helpful and gracious scientist with perhaps the most enlarged curiosity and capacity for original thought and reasoning we have ever known. A note to those who share the advantages we enjoy with modern technology. Bill did all his calculations with a slide rule and produced all his publications (probably about 700 in total) on a typewriter. Imagine what he might have done with a computer and word processor!
Joe Nelson (Deceased 2011)
Joseph Schieser Nelson’s (April 12, 1937 – August 11, 2011) first publication (1960) was on the world’s largest wooden fish ladder and its effect on migration of Chinook salmon and other resident fish species on the Yukon River near Whitehorse. In 1960, Joe finished his B.Sc. honors thesis on Kokanee salmon at the University of British Columbia (UBC). In 1962, he finished his M.Sc. degree at the University of Alberta (UA), where he studied the effects on fishes due to changes within the Kananaskis River System, near Banff National Park. Joe returned to UBC and finished his Ph.D. in 1965 under the supervision of Cas Lindsey working on hybridization between Largescale Suckers and White Suckers. In 1965, Joe obtained a position as a Research Associate at the Indiana Aquatic Research Unit, Indiana University, Bloomington, Indiana. In 1967, Joe was appointed Assistant Director of the Indiana University Biological Stations. In 1968, Joe returned to the UA as an Assistant Professor, was promoted to Associate Professor (1972), Professor (1978), and Professor Emeritus (July 2002), where he advised 20 M.Sc. and 9 Ph.D. students to whom he was affectionately known as “Tiger Joe.” With 130 publications on fishes, his best known publications among fisheries students are the four editions of Fishes of the World (1976, 1984, 1994, 2006), Fishes of Alberta (1970, 1992) coauthored with Martin J. Paetz, and Common and Scientific Names of Fishes from the United States, Canada, and Mexico (6th ed., 2004, Chairman of committee, 1991-2010, 7th ed., 2013, Larry Page, Chair). Elected in 2009 as President of the American Society of Ichthyologists and Herpetologists (ASIH), Joe was forced to resign January 2010 due to his illness. Among some of the numerous awards he received were: the ASIH Robert H. Gibbs, Jr. Memorial Award (2002), and theRobert K. Johnson Award for Excellence in Service (2010); the Canadian Society of Zoologists F. E. J. Fry Medal (2010), and the American Fisheries Society William E. Ricker Resource Conservation Award (Sept. 4, 2011).
Ransom (“Ram”) Myers (Deceased 2007 )
Ransom A. Myers was a marine biologist and conservationist best known for his warnings on worldwide overfishing of fish stocks. A native of Mississippi, Ransom A. Myers was first trained as a physicist. At age 16, he won an international science fair with an instrument measuring the symmetry between atoms he built in his bedroom, his « X-ray criystallograph ». He completed a B.Sc. in Physics at Rice University (Houston), worked as a physicist in the oilfields of Kuwait and then went on a series of travels in Nepal and through Africa. His interest in fish is thought to have emerged from these travels, which took him sailing across the Atlantic from Africa to the Caribbean. Dr. Myers received a M.Sc. in mathematics (1981) and a Ph.D. in biology (1984) from Dalhousie University.
While working as a research scientist for the Department of Fisheries and Oceans in St. Johns, Newfoundland (1980s and 1990s), Dr. Myers criticized the Canadian government handling of the Atlantic cod fishery and reported that the collapse of the northern population was caused by industrial fishing practices and overfishing. Later proven right, his findings were first questioned, the government and industry blaming the depletion of stocks on seals or changes in water temperature instead. In 1997, he took the Killam Chair in Ocean Studies at Dalhousie University and published with colleagues a series of papers showing the systematic destruction of marine resources – and biodiversity – worldwide through industrial fishing. His research has shown that the number of large fish in oceans has dropped by 90% in 50 years, and that industrial fishing was killing off big predatory fish, including tuna, cod, swordfish and sharks.
Through his career, Dr. Myers published more than 100 peer-reviewed papers, and served on numerous international commissions on the population dynamics of marine organisms. He was plainspoken and a strong advocate for improving management of fisheries. His studies made headlines more than once, and contributed to the field of fisheries conservation biology. Dr. Myers influenced a large number of environmental scientists, and was recognized by Fortune magazine as one of its Ten People to Watch in 2005.
Wilfred Templeman stems from a family with a long history of working in fisheries. Templeman attended Memorial University College of Newfoundland for two years and then went to Dalhousie University. After graduation he was offered a scholarship by the Fisheries Research Board of Canada to work on lobsters. Templeman spent three years at St Andrew’s Biological Station in New Brunswick, which provided Templeman with thesis material for his doctoral degree. Dr. Templeman then taught zoology at McGill but returned to Memorial University in 1936 to head the Department of Biology. During this tenure, he continued research on lobster, capelin, and dogfish at the government laboratory at Bay Bulls and later in St John’s.
In 1944 Dr. Templeman got a position as Director of the Newfoundland Fisheries Laboratory, which became the St John’s Biological Station of the Fisheries Research Board after Newfoundland joined Confederation in 1949. He focused his research on existing and potential commercial fish stock around Newfoundland and Labrador. He was also interested in new and scarce fish taken by trawlers. Dr. Templeman and his colleagues reported on the long-lining experiments that had introduced a new type of fishery to the Newfoundland economy.
Dr. Temleman retired as Director at St John’s in 1972 and was appointed first J.L. Paton Professor of Marine Biology and Fisheries at Memorial University. Later that year he received a Public Service Merit Award for high and constant achievements as a scientist, administrator, educator, and advisor to government and industry. Dr. Templeman was a member of Fisheries and Oceans Research Advisory Council in 1981 – 85 and a member of the Royal Commission on Seals and the Sealing Industry in 1984 – 86. In addition, Dr. Templeman has authored over 250 papers on a variety of subjects from vitamin A in liver oils to the affect of the effects of fluctuations in ocean temperatures on marine animals. In 1982 a fisheries research ship was named in Wilfred Templeman’s honor. He was also named to the Royal Society of Canada and the Order of the British Empire.
(bio source: science.ca)
Dr. McAllister (1934-2001) was a prominent Canadian fish scientist. He was born in Victoria, British Columbia and received his postgraduate degrees at the University of British Columbia in Vancouver. He served as Assistant Curator at the Institute of Fisheries at UBC (1956) and a Curatorial Assistant in the Division of Fishes, University of Michigan Museum of Zoology in Ann Arbor (1957–1958). Dr. McAllister was also the first Curator of Fishes at the Canadian Museum of Nature (1958–1986). Soon after arriving at the museum, he began new research on the fishes of Arctic Canada and catalogued 410,000 fish specimens. He later served as Research Curator (1986–1991), Senior Biodiversity Advisor (1991–1993) and Researcher Emeritus (1993–2001). While serving as museum curator, Dr. McAllister also held adjunct professorships at the University of Ottawa and Carleton University. He was elected an honorary member of the Ottawa Field-Naturalist’s Club in 1987. He was founding editor of Sea Wind (1987), Canadian Biodiversity (1991, currently Global Biodiversity) and President and co-founder of Ocean Voice International (1989). He co-chaired the IUCN Species Survival Commission Coral Reef Specialist Group (1998) and was a major contributor to the Canadian Biodiversity Strategy. In 1992, he received the Stoneman Marine Environmental Award for his work in marine education. Dr. McAllister’s major focus of research was Arctic marine fishes, sculpins, smelts, Pleistocene fossils and the conservation of rare and endangered fishes. He also contributed to the development of conservation techniques for museum specimens, the early application of GIS analysis in biogeography and evolution and the banning of cyanide use in capturing tropical aquarium fishes. He was known for his perseverance in protecting the oceans and the environment and underlining the importance of biodiversity for Canadians. Dr. McAllister is truly a legend who made significant contributions to fisheries science in Canada.
Dr. Huntsman was a pioneer Canadian scientist, best known for his research on Atlantic salmon and invention of fast freezing of fish fillets (1929). Dr. Huntsman’s education and career are tightly linked to University of Toronto. He received a Bachelor of Arts degree from that institution in 1905, and in 1907, he completed a Bachelor of Medecine degree and joined the Department of Zoology as a lecturer. He was later appointed a professor in marine zoology (1924), and retired in 1954. In 1911, he was appointed Curator at St. Andrews Biological Station in New Brunswick, permanent curator in 1915, and director (1919-1934). Dr. Huntsman was also Director of the Fisheries Experimental Station in Halifax (1924-1928). While there, he perfected – and introduced – the invention of fast frozen fish fillets and jacketed cold storage. He was also part of the foundation, in 1921, of the North American Council on Fisheries Research, facilitating collaboration on fisheries and oceanographic research in Canada and US. Due to his energy and dedication, Dr. Huntsman became a key figure in the international marine science community. He was president of the Royal Society of Canada from 1937 to 1938.
Recipient of an MD degree, Dr. Huntsman never practiced medicine. His participation in the Canadian Fisheries Expedition of 1914-1915 led him to focus his research to fisheries science. As Director of the St. Andrews Biological Station and of the Fisheries Experimental Station, secretary of the North American Council on Fisheries Research, and professor at University of Toronto, Dr. Huntsman influenced and shaped the Canadian fisheries science agenda while training a generation of fisheries scientists.
Through his career, Dr. Huntsman collaborated with top Canadian and American marine scientists, and published more than 200 scientific papers and reports. In 1952, he was awarded the Flavelle Medal of the Royal Society of Canada for his outstanding contribution to biological science. In 2000, Canada Post issued in his honour a stampentitled “Dr. Archibald Gowanlock Huntsman: The Fisherman’s Friend”. While mostly renown for his research on Atlantic salmon, his research led to important contributions to oceanography, marine ecology, fish migration, the economics of fishing and philosophy.
Dr. Peter Anthony Larkin was one of Canada’s most renowned fisheries biologists – an internationally respected expert in aquatic ecology, conservation, resource management, and science policy. Additionally, he was a distinguished university professor, much beloved by all of his students. Peter was born in New Zealand but immigrated to Canada with his family as a young child. He achieved academic excellence throughout his post-secondary education garnering the Governor General’s Bronze Medal upon graduation from Balfour Technical School and the Governor General’s Gold Medal from the University of Saskatchewan. Ultimately, as one of the youngest Rhodes Scholars ever (23 years), he graduated with his D. Phil. degree from Oxford University in 1948.
After graduation, he returned to Canada 1949 where he was appointed Chief Fisheries Biologist for the British Columbia Game Commission. Here, he initiated and directed comprehensive limnological and fisheries studies of B.C. lakes, which led to the inception of scientific management of recreational, freshwater fisheries in the province. During this appointment, he also taught courses in ecology and population dynamics at the University of British Columbia. In 1952, he combined the two roles and set up the provincial Fisheries Research Group at UBC – merging the perspectives of resource management and academic research. In 1955, Dr. Larkin was appointed Director of Institute of Fisheries, and Professor of Zoology at UBC. He later (1963) accepted the position of the Director of the Pacific Biological Station, Fisheries Research Board of Canada, Nanaimo, but returned to UBC in 1966 where he resumed his position as Director of the Institute of Fisheries. In 1972, Dr. Larkin was appointed Head of the Department of Zoology at UBC, a position he held until 1975. Additional prominent, appointments followed, including: Dean of the Faculty of Graduate Studies (1975-84), Associate Vice-President, Research (1980-86), and Vice-President, Research (1986-88). He continued to teach undergraduate and graduate courses, and mentor graduate students at UBC until his retirement in 1990.
During his career, Dr. Larkin produced definitive papers on fish population biology. He pioneered the use of mathematical modelling of fish stocks that lead to an understanding of fish population dynamics. He made notable contributions to the theory of resource management and to understanding predator-prey relations. He made major contributions with respect to shaping scientific policies as he participated in numerous national and international government commissions. Throughout his career and his retirement, Dr. Larkin published over 160 scientific papers. He served on more than fifty boards and committees – internationally, nationally, and provincially. Some of these included: the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations, the Inter-American Tropical Tuna Commission, Marine Productivity Subcommittee of the Canadian Committee for the International Biological Program (Chairman), National Research Council of Canada, Science Council of Canada, Natural Sciences Engineering Council of Canada, the Science Council of B.C., the B.C. Research Council, and the B.C. Biomedical Research Centre.
Honours and awards bestowed upon Dr. Larkin are seemingly countless. He was named a Fellow of the Royal Society in Canada in recognition of outstanding scientific achievements. For his passion and excellence in teaching he was awarded the Master Teacher Award (1971) and the esteemed title of University Professor (1988), one of the highest honours bestowed by UBC on its faculty. He received the Queen’s Jubilee Medal (1977), the Canadian Society of Zoologist’s Frey Medal (1978), the American Fisheries Society Award of Excellence (1984), the American Institute of Fishery Research Biologists Outstanding Achievement Award, the Order of Canada (1995), the order of British Columbia (1996)and numerous other distinctions. CARS also recognizes the life and achievements of Peter Larkin through an annual award given to PhD and MSc students who have demonstrated excellence in research, leadership, outreach, and communication (click here for more information).
Dr. Peter Larkin passed away in July 1996 in British Columbia.
William S. Hoar, FRSC, is honoured for his outstanding contributions to the development
of comparative physiology in Canada and abroad. He is best known for his research on the evolution, behaviour and physiology of smoltification in salmonid fishes. Two seminal works on the subject, the first published in the Journal of the Fisheries Re
search Board of Canada in 1976 and the second, published as a chapter in 1988 in the famous ‘Fish Physiology’ series, co-edited by W.S. Hoar and D.J. Randal, have garnered over 1, 300 citations as of mid-2014. Professor Hoar is also renowned for his highly successful 1966 textbook, well known by several generation